Keeping your server safe is all about taking care of the different aspects of security. There are different levels and layers of protection involved and you need to get each of them right.
Server protection is akin to securing different components and then bringing them together for the overall security of the system. Among the areas that you will need to protect are the access points, configuration, and the server host itself. Let us look at the main ways you can protect your server and keep it safe from hackers.
Choose the Right Hosting Provider
The key to getting the best web hosting service is to start with selecting the right hosting provider. The server that you get is the most important aspect of boosting security. When you choose the wrong host, you can spend a lot of time trying to fix things that are beyond your scope.
You need to choose a server that has various options available for you to tweak by yourself. The process of securing your space includes incorporating tools that are suitable for the kind of websites that you host. Having the capacity to have freedom and control is thus a major aspect of improving your server security.
Limiting the Number of Authorized Users
Reports have previously indicated that up to 37% of unauthorized server access comes from misplaced user access details. When it comes to securing the access points, the main factor that should be considered is the FTP protocols. FTP is the main way of uploading and accessing the server with files.
This pathway should thus be protected by all means. The downside of FTP is that it is not encrypted. The technology can only become secure when communication is passed through SSH. To do this, a configuration of sFTP is recommended. SSH is encrypted from end to end and it allows users on the server to access the platform securely.
Malicious users often try to access the FTP when it is not secured. SSH authentication is a formidable way to provide full protection to any kind of server. The process of getting authentication is rather straightforward. There are a number of tools that generate keys that you can use to provide the added security. Depending on the kind of server you go for, you can choose different custom keys. These keys are structured in such a manner that root users are fully protected.
When SSH keys are generated, they can be shared via different methods. Even when the key is not encrypted, it can still be passed around safely as it is not easy for hackers to detect its use. The keys can be made to either be public or private. Public keys are often shared in chat rooms, via emails and other forms of communication. For the private keys, the only person who should see it is the administrator or any other authorized party. Private keys should not be shared around without encryption.
Configuring the Server
Server configuration is another factor that is crucial for safety. There are various things involved in the realm of server configuration. For the most part, editing file permissions is a huge part of the process. Configuring files involves specifying exactly who has the permission to access or modify files.
The great thing about keeping file permissions secure is that most hosting platforms readily provide the service. Unless you are using a VPS, you can rest assured that file permissions are already configured by your provider. When file permissions are not handled correctly though, there can be great damage to the website. Hackers often tend to steal information or edit files in such a manner that they keep your website as a conduit for malware.
There are indeed many things that you should do in order to keep your server safe. The modern-day web is quite rife with cybersecurity issues. Protecting the server is just one of the many things that you need to do in order to ensure that both you and your customers are safe.
The above breakdown represents some of the most important things to do to protect your server. Selecting the right provider, keeping your files safe and acquiring the necessary security tools are just a sample of the basic things that you need to take care of.